A condition results from insufficient production of insulin, causing high blood sugar.
Most common symptom is abnormally high level of blood sugar.
It is a chronic disease affecting the pancreas. Patient’s pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. This results in abnormal levels of blood sugar.
Doctor may diagnose based on your symptoms followed by blood tests.
→ Common treatment options
→ How is this diagnosed?
- Treatable by a medical professional
- Diagnosed by medical professional
- Requires lab test or imaging
- May be dangerous or life threatening
- Family history may increase likelihood
- Urgent medical attention recommended in severe cases
Biguanide: Improves sensitivity of the body tissues to insulin.
Sulphonylureas: Helps the body produce more insulin.
Glibenclamide . Gliclazide . Glipizide . Glimepiride . Tolbutamide
Alpha glucosidase inhibitor: Delay the absorption of carbohydrates.
Thiazolidinediones: Increases sensitivity to insulin. Since this is associated with many side effects, it is prescribed only if it is necessary.
Rosiglitazone . Pioglitazone
DPP-4 inhibitors: Helps reduce blood sugar levels, without much of side effects.
Sitagliptin . Saxagliptin . Linagliptin
SGLT2 inhibitors: Prevent kidneys from absorbing excess glucose. Excess sugar is excreted in urine. This might include side effects of repeated urinary infections, increased urination.
Canagliflozin . Dapagliflozin
Insulin injection: This helps manage the sugar level efficiently, usually, prescribed for long standing or very high sugar levels. There are many types of Insulin.
Insulin glulisine . Insulin lispro . Insulin aspart . Insulin glargine . Insulin detemir . Insulin isophane
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