Type 2 Diabetes : What is it & treatments

Type 2 Diabetes : What is it & treatments


A condition results from insufficient production of insulin, causing high blood sugar.


Most common symptom is abnormally high level of blood sugar.


It is a chronic disease affecting the pancreas. Patient’s pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin. This results in abnormal levels of blood sugar.


Doctor may diagnose based on your symptoms followed by blood tests.

Common treatment options

How is this diagnosed?


  • Treatable by a medical professional
  • Diagnosed by medical professional
  • Requires lab test or imaging
  • May be dangerous or life threatening
  • Family history may increase likelihood
  • Urgent medical attention recommended in severe cases


Biguanide: Improves sensitivity of the body tissues to insulin.


Sulphonylureas: Helps the body produce more insulin.

Glibenclamide . Gliclazide . Glipizide . Glimepiride . Tolbutamide

Alpha glucosidase inhibitor: Delay the absorption of carbohydrates.


Thiazolidinediones: Increases sensitivity to insulin. Since this is associated with many side effects, it is prescribed only if it is necessary.

Rosiglitazone . Pioglitazone

DPP-4 inhibitors: Helps reduce blood sugar levels, without much of side effects.

Sitagliptin . Saxagliptin . Linagliptin

SGLT2 inhibitors: Prevent kidneys from absorbing excess glucose. Excess sugar is excreted in urine. This might include side effects of repeated urinary infections, increased urination.

Canagliflozin . Dapagliflozin

Insulin injection: This helps manage the sugar level efficiently, usually, prescribed for long standing or very high sugar levels. There are many types of Insulin.

Insulin glulisine . Insulin lispro . Insulin aspart . Insulin glargine . Insulin detemir . Insulin isophane

Do you have a health question on your mind for type 2 diabetes? Ask professionals from across the world

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For informational purposes only. Consult a medical professional for advice. Source: Focus Medica.

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